European union law updating supplement text and materials
The staff of the commission is organized into more than thirty directorates-general (DG) or departments which have distinct areas of policy responsibility. For instance, the Competition DG deals with the approval of mergers and acquisitions of business enterprises.DG’s are roughly equivalent to the executive branch departments in the United States government, such as the U. The European Commission is roughly equivalent to the executive branch of the U. government, particularly the Office of the President of the United States and the cabinet-level agencies.It is the best free source of official EU legal information.Researchers should use Eur Lex for the most current EU legal information.As the guardian of EU policy, the Commission can initiate legal proceedings to ensure compliance with EU policy and legislation.
Each member nation is referred to as a Member State.The current twenty-seven member states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.The EU began as the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1953 with an original purpose of regulating the capacity of large metal fabricating industries.The Commission proposes new legislation and launches new policy initiatives.The Commission also serves as the executive branch of the EU and enters into international agreements on behalf of the EU.
This body is distinct and separate from the Council of the European Union described below.